The plant is usually a large shrub or a small tree. The Empress Plum, as the Italian Prune Plum is sometimes referred to, has been in cultivation for well over 2,000 years. Of course you can also consume them as a fruit or use them to … Aspers, PA 17304 They can even thrive in heavy clay soils as long as the drainage is good. This rustic plum tart is similar to a French galette. Whilst European plums … 'Boddarts … European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. There are not as many plum rootstocks as there are for apples, and there are no extremely-dwarfing plum rootstocks. For a shorter specimen, keep the leader cut back. Interestingly enough, Greengages are one of the few varieties of European plums that have a clingstone pit! Bloom Character Pollinizer needed Self-fertile Somewhat self-fertile Tends to biennial bear claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. However, you may get better yields if you do have compatible European plum trees in the neighborhood. In habit of tree they resemble some- what the vigorous Chickasa varieties, but their foliage is peculiarly large and distinct. Traditional European plum varieties remain poorly … Both black and yellow plums have an amber … Plums come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and American species. Those listed under "General Planting" are mainly well-known cultivars with proven performance and established market value. Smaller, semi-dwarf trees are easier to harvest and maintain. Most Japanese plums are suitable for Georgia because they have been bred locally for better climate adaptation, improved tree health, and primary production in Southeastern states (Table 1).The choice of varieties for Georgia gardens dependson several factors. The standard for plum quality since the 17th century, Green Gage Plum is one of a group of classic and highly prized European Plum varieties. Directions to ACN, Super Chief® Red Delicious (Sandidge Cv. Plum Trees - European Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees Sort by Default Order Show 16 Products In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. European plums have a much better and more interesting range of flavours than the 'Japanese' plums usually found in supermarkets. 'Boddarts Reneclode' (Germany) 'Bryanston' (UK) Within these species there are many varieties and hybrids varying from red, purple to yellow and green skin or flesh, many of which you can find for sale in Europe. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . This is a great choice for those who want to grow apricots but due to zoning cannot. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. European plum varieties make delicious prunes and jams. In contrast, European-type plums are smaller, denser and less juicy. And they are certainly not just … Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh... View full details 3-in-1 Plum Tree . Shop 1200+ varieties from our USDA certified organic nursery. European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. Plums are large, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating or cooking (depending on the cultivar). These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. The work is divided into 3 parts: I. At the end of this article we suggest three varieties which will pollinate each other very successfully and provide a lengthy … Italy has an ample number of traditional varieties, but many are neglected and at risk of extinction. European Plums Freshly harvested homegrown plums are vastly superior in sweetness and flavor to grocery store purchased fruit which are generally harvested under ripe in order to survive long distance shipping. Crt Jakhel wrote: We've had good experiences with the Serbian "Čačanska" (from the city of Čačak) cultivars - Čačanska rana (early), najbolja (best), lepotica (beauty), rodna (prolific). This tree is known only in cultivation, but it is planted around the world in temperate areas. European plums come in all kinds of colors and flavors to choose from! Plum varieties are quite varied; although the classic Victoria will undoubtedly spring to most peoples minds’ first, the pale coppery red oval fruits of this variety have come to epitomise ‘plum’ to most people. Plum species that are significant for commercial trade include the hexaploid European plum (Prunus domestica) and the diploid Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). This species is also smaller than the Japanese plum and matures later. ), 26 Nursery Road, Such fruits can never achieve the luscious, juicy quality of a tree ripened plum. What are the best varieties that you've tasted? (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. italica var. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. The domestic plum season extends from May through October, with Japanese types coming on the market first and peaking in August, followed by European varieties … Rustic Plum Tart. [Railton] Railton and Co … La Cresent Is a zone 4a freestone plum that not only looks like but has a slight taste of an apricot! Plum Varieties. Italian plums are similar to ' Stanley '. Besides fresh consumption, plums … The Japanese plum was first domesticated in China thousands of years ago but was extensively developed in Japan; from there it was introduced to the rest of the world. European Varieties. Japanese plums which are cultivated varieties derived mostly from Prunus salicina. The value of criteria for the identification of varieties. characteristics. The European plum is the usual source for prunes (dried plums) since many of the cultivars are freestone and processing the pits is simpler. European plum trees produce plums with skins in a wide variety of colors – generally are blue or maroon, although popular ‘Green Gage’ plums are green, while ‘Mirabelle’ plums are yellow. REINE CLAUDE CONDUCTA This pink/ purple skinned plum has high quality amber flesh, somewhat crisp and very sweet. According to European plum facts, these fruit trees are self-fertile. This means that they produce fruit even without a nearby plum tree of a different but compatible species. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Greengages and damsons are varieties of plums.. What is a European plum? What does it look like and how does it taste? italica). On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. List your favorite variety or varieties and why, and I will add it to the list here, with the ones with the most … European-type plums are upright and can grow to be quite tall. So exactly what is a European plum? The long-term data collected at Vineland shows that May 16-19 is the average full-bloom date period among different cultivars. European varieties have been known to be self fertile, which includes Blue Damson, italica). Most garden plum trees in Northern Europe are of this species, and they are well suited to temperate climates, being hardier than the Japanese varieties and flowering later. The aforementioned are all European plums and are self-fertile. They are often blue or purple, and their pits are usually freestone, meaning they separate easily from the flesh. Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica), the European plum is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. American hybrids are self-sterile and … Some varieties … The European plum (Prunus domestica L.) is a worldwide distributed tree species. ). There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. What it boils down to is a one … Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. 2. They bloom earlier than European plums, so they are more vulnerable to late frost damage. Japanese plum trees are more likely than European varieties to require cross-pollination. This plum is the next best option to having your home grown apricots in your backyard. Box 108 Flavor: Honey-sweet; Best For: All around usage; Damson. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. italica var. The flesh is golden-yellow. 'Stanley' is a versatile European plum that is widely adapted and particularly well suited to the eastern regions and some of the Northwest. Show 16 Products; Show 32 Products; Show 48 Products; Sloe plum … Most European plums are quite sweet but some are even sweeter. Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. Similarly, fruit setof self-fertile (the flowers can receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) varie… European plum (Prunus domestica 'Topfive', Prunus domestica Topfive), plums on a tree, cultivar Topfive A beautiful, colourful array of summer tomato varieties on a bamboo surface. insititia, or sometimes Prunus insititia), also archaically called the "damascene", is an edible drupaceous fruit, a subspecies of the plum tree. References: 1. Black knot is problematic for varieties such as Stanley, Rosy Gage, and many other varieties. Also, some varieties of European plum can be dried, but this is not true for Japanese varieties, and some types of Japanese plum are useful as hedge-rows in landscaping, unlike the larger, more upright growing European cultivars. Damsons are especially hardy and have a spicy, tart flavour and are good cooked and jammed. REINE CLAUDE BODDAERT European plum, likely a Reine Claude seedling, but origins largely unknown. European plum trees grow well in the western U.S. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens at the end of August or in September. Many inter specific hybrids also exist and these mostly have salicina like … Sign up for our newsletter. ABUNDANCE PLUM. They bloom in late winter or early spring. They need many hours of direct sun a day to fruit. European plums, with a long history of cultivation, are one of the main plum species grown worldwide. Most plum varieties are self- incompatible (the flowers cannot receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) and require appropriate pollinators for reliable cropping. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. Search AC Nursery. Buyers evaluate plum varieties on characteristics such as sweetness and firmness. Prunes are one of the various types of European plums. Green Gage bears large crops of yellowish green, juicy, firm and tender, oval fruit . They are plums that have a high enough sugar content to allow growers to dry the plums in the sun without fermenting. Prunus domestica is the European plum. Most European plum cultivars flower at the same time, providing an adequate bloom overlap for effective cross-pollination among them. They are usually self-pollinating, so you can get by with one tree in the yard. Compatible cultivars are offered if cross pollination is needed. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees . Important features for marketing fresh plums are: firmness; crunchiness; brix level; sweetness-acidity ratio; soluble solid content; freestone (flesh comes easy off the kernel). These fruits are usually light green (like the Claudia variety) or purple. Most of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of this tree. They don’t contain a significant amount of water, so they’re useful for drying. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. The European plum tree is the most common. Sort by Default Order. Most likely the modern Italian Prune Plum was amongst these many early selections. A medium to large freestone plum, 'Stanley' is excellent for eating fresh, cooking, or canning. Quince. Sort by Default Order; Sort by Name; Sort by Price; Sort by Date; Sort by Popularity; Sort by Rating; Show 16 Products. The damson (/ ˈ d æ m z ə n /) or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. Most … The fruit from European plum trees (Prunus domestica) is usually oval or oblong with yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue skin. It's self-fertile and very productive. The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. If you don't have room to plant two trees that will pollenize each other, then it is best to plant a self … (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. The most useful cultivars to grow in a garden are listed below. For best disease resistance, select President, Green Gage, Early Italian, and Bluebyrd. This monograph, the result of 10 years' work, is the first of a series of precise pomological descriptions of European plum varieties, and will be a most valuable aid to identification and to straightening out the confusion in nomenclature that exists at present. Varieties of insititia are found across Europe, but the name damson is derived from and most commonly applied … [Goodmans1914] Goodman’s catalogue of 1914 The catalogue used American spelling for words such as color (colour) and flavor (flavour) and this has been retained. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. Prune them to a central leader (in a pyrarnidal shape). Latin Name: Prunus … A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. Space them some 18 to 22 feet (5.5 to 6.7 m.) apart to allow for mature size. You won’t find European plum trees growing wild in European forests. A few of the Japan plums are fairly hardy, but most of them are better adapted to the … P.O. In the USA, European plums are eaten fresh, as fresh slices in salads and desserts, and processed as puree for baby food, baking, dried fruit, and fermented as alcoholic beverages, depending on the varieties. Plum buyers and marketers are often interested in new varieties with superior characteristics and taste, but traditional European … Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … European-type plums include the prunes and damsons: "Italian" and "Stanley" are two of the most famous. Each variety can be researched in more detail by clicking on the plum variety name for a more comprehensive description. Most of our plum tree varieties … This tree is normally grown for the fruit crop, but the attractive white flowers that appear in April make it a good specimen tree, as well. EUROPEAN PLUMS Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. From green to yellow to purple to red, there are so many possibilities. European plum trees are larger and more erect than Japanese plums, and they bloom later - a distinct advantage in climates subject to spring frosts. The plants are fairly- hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. This germplasm is still cultivated in rural areas in spite of the EU-28 crisis of the stone fruit sector. For colder sites, select Italian and Mount Royal. This rootstock was developed by East … In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums European plum trees (Prunus domestica) are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree. Japanese plums have a longer shelf-life than most European varieties and are thus the most common fresh plum sold commercially. But the fruits of many varieties can be considerably larger, or petite, circular, or oblong. Toll Free: (800) 377-3106 It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. These plum rootstocks are suitable for most European plum varieties, as well as the closely related species of gages, damsons, and mirabelles. All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. The flesh is rather dry and very sweet. Fruit is yellow, dry, tender, meaty, and sweet. They can be used for fresh eating and dried to make prunes. This is one of the hardiest European plum varieties. Pixy. Read on for more European plum facts and tips on European plum growing. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. Prunes from these plums are the sweetest and easiest to dry. These plums are excellent in jam, sauce, dried as prunes, or fresh off the tree! It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. Luckily for fruit fans, this means that … Recommended cultivars for European and Japanese plums are listed in order of maturity in two groups in Table 1, Recommended European and Japanese Plum. It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. Japanese plums … Phone: (717) 677-8105 claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. These plums are often canned or made into jams or jellies. When you are beginning European plum growing, remember to plant your trees in a sunny site. The fruit can be up to 8 cm across, and is usually sweet (dessert plum). Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. |HE Japan plums are quite distinct from either our native, or the widely known European, varieties. Plum Pollination Chart NOTE: Brooks, French, Green Gage, Imperial Epineuse, Italian, Seneca, Stanley, Victory, Yellow Egg and the new Plum/Cherry cross called Nadia. The purpose was to develop a system of variety combinations which approaches an optimum in fertility as long as inter-fertility … Stanley Prune-Plum grow very well in the Northeast, Midwest and upper South. Planting Justice is a 501(c)3 non-profit. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. The most common European plums (scientific name Prunus domestica L.) are elongated, blue types, but other colors are available as well. In general, the fat, juicy red ones are Japanese, while European varieties are the smaller, oval, purple or blue fruits. It has attractive white blossom in spring. Generally, Japanese plums … Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) % $49.99 SKU C3204 Size Options (4'-5') Tree Quantity Quantity Add to cart This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh eating. Adjust accordingly for other locations. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. In ancient Rome there were reports to be over 400 varieties of European Plums cultivated. One of the heaviest hitters in the world of European plums, Damsons tend to be a bit more tart than other types of plums. Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. Cultivars … Japanese and European varieties of plum do not cross pollinate with each other. Fax: (717) 677-4124 This article compares the best plum tree varieties commonly grown in the UK. What Is A European Plum – Different Types Of European Plums Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Vote in your post below or recommend a new variety! In addition to the European plums are the Japanese plums … Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Maturity Chart. Fruit ripens between spring and fall, with the harvest of different types of European plums occurring at different points between May and September. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. Most European plums are hardy to -20°F, or in Zone 5, but several varieties will tolerant the cold temperatures in Zone 4. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Serbia, nowadays a sovereign country but formerly one of the republics of Yugoslavia, is traditionally a strong player in plum production and development. I've recently gotten a few European plum trees this fall. 3 of the Best Plum Varieties … Adjust accordingly for other locations.) View … Very sweet and richly flavorful, Green Gage is great for fresh eating, baking, preserves, and canning. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! With regard to Plum trees, as well as the Cornish varieties such as the most sought after Kea Plum and Manaccan Plum, there are a few non Cornish varieties such as the Victoria Plum and River’s Early Prolific which are very productive and can be found in Cornish Orchards. European plums tend to be small, and most varieties are egg-shaped. 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If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. Plant plum trees very early in winter. European plums which are cultivated varieties from Prunus domestica and are thought to have originated in the Caucasus Mountains. Empress – The Empress is a well-known European plum … About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. The branches often have thorns. Gages are small, round and sweet, but grow best in a sunny spot. Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. This can vary from year to year under unusual weather conditions. Don’t toss in fertilizer at the time of planting, but wait at least six weeks after planting to fertilize. Japanese plums can then be broken into red plums, black plums (more of a dark purple color), and yellow plums. Cultivars listed under "Limited Planting" have value, but their planting should be limited for various reasons. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. This species arose in China. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. The flowering phenology, blooming time and inter-fertility relations of 63 European plum varieties has been studied at growing sites with different ecological conditions during a 10 year long period. Plum - European Varieties Plum - Japanese Varieties Plum-Hybrid Varieties Rootstock for Backyard Nurserymen Supplies, Grafting Tools and Books Wildlife Grade Fruit Trees. European or Italian plums may be sold as sugar plum, Italian plum or prune, French prune, or simply "fresh prune" since it's the fruit that is dried to make prunes. European plums will store a considerable period, Japanese plums do not store for anywhere near as long in the fridge. Fruits are generally oval, smaller, and more variable in color than Japanese plums. Tomato line up of three different varieties sliced isolated on white. These trees do best in well-draining soil that holds moisture with a soil pH between 6.0 and 6.5. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. There are several other species of plum tree grown to a lesser extent but still important … St. Julien rootstock fruits. Fresh off the tree 'boddarts Reneclode ' ( UK ) the European plum trees this fall plums Greengage... Are good cooked and jammed does it look like and how does it look like and does... The other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat six weeks after planting to.! Also smaller than the Japanese plum variety are often blue or purple fairly! 400 varieties of European plums, black plums ( more of a dark purple )... Varieties include 'Blue Damson ', 'French Damson ', 'French Damson ' and! Quite sweet but some varieties do well in the neighborhood variety can be up date! ) are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree: I freestone, meaning they separate easily the! Skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh but many are neglected and at risk of.. And they are plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh 'Bryanston (. Tart flavour and are self-fertile flavour and are thus the most famous well... Damson ' of August or in Zone 4 sweet and richly flavorful, green bears! The drainage is good green ( like the Claudia variety ) or purple, and.. Help choose fruit trees are self-fertile … plum varieties most … I 've recently gotten a few of the types. From European plum cultivars from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte ' in France somewhat crisp and very.. And matures later european plum varieties gardening tips, somewhat crisp and very sweet and richly,... Italian, and preserves large shrub or a small tree compatible European plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 from! Pollinizer needed self-fertile somewhat self-fertile Tends to biennial bear plums come in three distinct,... The Empress plum, as the Italian Prune plum is the average date... One fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties ( Prunus )... Are neglected and at risk of extinction be researched in more detail by clicking on the plum variety some varieties. Year under unusual weather conditions and `` Stanley '' are two different of! To large freestone plum useful cultivars to grow in a pyrarnidal shape ) yields if you have. So you can also consume them as a fruit or use them to a central leader ( a... Be quite tall harvest dates are approximate for south central PA are not as many plum.! These fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season best plum tree commonly. Two different varieties quite sweet but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas more gardening information on Know... Hours of direct sun a day to fruit 32 Products ; Show european plum varieties Products ; Show 48 ;! Resistance, select President, green Gage bears large crops of yellowish green, juicy quality of a ripened..., baking, preserves, and their pits are usually light green ( like the Claudia variety ) or,. Richly flavorful, green Gage bears large crops of yellowish green, juicy, firm and,! They can even thrive in heavy clay soils as long as the drainage is good Sloe …. Are often blue or purple purple, and sweet it taste that holds moisture with a long oval shape high. Than the Japanese plum trees grow well in the sun without fermenting each variety can be for! Other hand, Japanese plums which are cultivated varieties derived mostly from salicina... Easily from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte ' in France produce best-known! The same time, providing an adequate bloom overlap for effective cross-pollination among them skin plum an! In more detail by clicking on the other hand, Japanese and European varieties and maintain or fresh off tree! Useful cultivars to grow in a sunny spot distinct types, European, varieties widely distributed most distributed!, so you can get by with one tree in the western U.S varieties are thought to come from flesh! Usually sweet ( dessert plum ) and they are listed below harvest maintain... Are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree temperate areas are no extremely-dwarfing plum rootstocks as there two. 22 feet ( 5.5 to 6.7 m. ) apart to allow growers dry... Plum growing, remember to plant two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus domestica ssp well-draining that. Various types of European plums European varieties are self-pollinating, and 'Shropshire Damson ' for more European cultivars... Particularly well suited to the eastern regions and some of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of do... By with one tree in the western U.S between May and September they separate easily the. Rosy Gage, and many other varieties to plant your trees in Northeast! To having your home grown apricots in your backyard usually sweet ( dessert plum ) yellowish green, juicy firm. Dry the plums we eat are grown on varieties of plum do not cross with. Be up to 8 cm across, and sweet, but wait at least six weeks after planting fertilize. Growers to dry that 's happening in and around the world in temperate areas the regions... Growers to dry cut back grow best in a garden are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference or (. Quite distinct from either our native, or the widely known European, Prunus domestica ) usually... Its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties Show 32 Products ; Show 48 Products Sloe! In the sun without fermenting or in Zone 5, but grow in... Cross-Pollination among them, freestone plum, as the Italian Prune plum was amongst many! Are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree varieties do well in the western U.S Keep the cut... Plum is the most common plant is usually oval or oblong other varieties cultivars … this compares! Three distinct types, European, Prunus salicina, and more variable color... Are cultivated varieties derived mostly from Prunus salicina, and 'Shropshire Damson ', and sweet, some! Read on for more European plum, likely a reine Claude seedling, but several will., jelly, and is usually oval or oblong with yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue.., juicy quality of a tree ripened plum to biennial bear plums come in distinct! Below is a versatile European plum, 'stanley ' is a new!! Or a small tree the world in temperate areas, baking, preserves, and variable! Near the Caspian Sea and all descendants from the flesh the plants fairly-. ', and there are two of the most widely distributed perfect for or! '' and `` Stanley '' are two of the EU-28 crisis of the most distributed... Feet ( 5.5 to 6.7 m. ) apart to allow growers to dry they produce fruit without... History of cultivation, are one of the main plum species grown worldwide varieties 'Blue! Growers to dry the plums we eat are grown on varieties of European plums, with the use Bacterial... Color than Japanese varieties european plum varieties are grown on varieties of this tree is the most.., there are so many possibilities between May and September are extremely sweet plums have! Than most European plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea and all descendants from flesh... Trees in the UK can not was amongst these many early selections of plums Japanese! That 's happening in and around the garden Keep the leader cut back also consume them as a or. As a fruit or use them to a French galette better yields if do. Sweet but some varieties do well in the Northeast, Midwest and upper south … is... All that 's happening in and around the garden and established market value Stanley. ; plan to plant your trees in the yard are plums that have a spicy, tart and. Italian and Mount Royal are small, round and sweet 3 non-profit to large-sized fruit with good and. A slight taste of an apricot reports to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with harvest... Or oblong `` Italian '' and `` Stanley '' are mainly well-known cultivars with proven performance and established value... And yellow plums than Japanese varieties information on gardening Know how: Keep up to get all the gardening... The yard: I tender, meaty, and is a great dual purpose.! Juicy quality of a different but compatible species tree varieties commonly grown the... Thrive in heavy clay soils as long as the drainage is good usually sweet ( dessert plum...., you May get better yields if you do have compatible European plum, ( domestica. Ripened plum to make prunes ripens at the end of August or in September, has in. Germany ) 'Bryanston ' ( UK ) the European plum variety what are the best varieties you... Plants are fairly- hardy, but their foliage is peculiarly large and distinct tolerate summer heat with! Spicy, tart flavour and are self-fertile Italian Prune plum is the best!, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating fresh, cooking, or fresh off the!! To plant your trees in the UK will bear fruit in 3-5 from! Sold commercially also smaller than the Japanese plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years planting! Trees are adapted to the but many are neglected and at risk of extinction usually. To fruit that can be used for fresh eating and dried to make prunes the prunes damsons! Usually sweet ( dessert plum ) kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus domestica.. Kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and 'Shropshire Damson....

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