Taxus baccata is a species of evergreen tree in the conifer family, native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia. The Irish yew (Taxus baccata "Fastigiata") hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9, has a columnar form, and "Repandens" (Taxus baccata "Repandens"), hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9, is low-growing. If left unpruned, some yew varieties can reach great heights. Varieties of Yew Trees and Shrubs Need easy, dense growth with a pop of color that's second to none? The straight species is broadly upright and can reach 35 feet in height. Brownii is also a columnar yew that you can easily prune down to desired size. Seed grown. "Aurescens" (Taxus cuspidata "Aurescens") and "Dwarf Bright Gold" (Taxus cuspidata "Dwarf Bright Gold") are varieties with gold new growth and "Capitata" (Taxus cuspidata "Capitata") is broadly pyramidal. They do not tolerate heavy clay soils that dont drain well. They are slow growing and long-lived; one specimen in Wales is said to be nearly four thousand years old. Brownii is also a columnar yew that you can easily prune down to desired size. Probably the most well known Asian yew is the Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata), a tree that grows from 10 to 40 feet tall. Where they grow well, yews are tough plants. Wintercreeper is a … Anglojap yew (Taxus x media) is a cross between the English yew and Canadian yew. She has written articles for the Oregon Landscape Contractors Association, chapters of the certification manual for the Oregon Association of Nurseries and translated master gardener materials into Spanish. Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy … Many kinds of bushes and trees in the Taxus genus are grown in the landscape, including Japanese yews, English yew bushes, and crosses between the two. All varieties have soft green needles or leaves, reddish or brown bark and bright red berries. Small Wintercreeper Shrubs (Euonymus fortunei) – Low-maintenance Evergreen. There are many horticultural forms and cultivars and the primary difference between them is the growth habit and size. Lori Norris has been writing professionally since 1998, specializing in horticulture. Heat is what limits the use of yews in the South; most types will survive for only a few years outside of the Upper and Middle South. Both are hardy in USDA zones 2 though 6. Some forms will grow into upright columns of rich green, while others will spread wide, into broad bushes with irregular outlines. Cutting grown. "Columnaris" (Taxus cuspidata "Columnaris") has a narrow form, and "Nana" (Taxus cuspidata "Nana") is a dwarf. If looking for a Taxus x media that is rounded when young and spreads with age, Brownii, Densiformis, Fairview, Kobelli, L.C, Bobbink, Natorp, Nigra and Runyanii are all suggested varieties of yew shrub. Yews (Taxus spp.) There are numerous types of yews in different cultures from around the world, each with its own name, style & unique identity. These are easy to care for, drought resistant evergreen shrubs. They are classified as conifers. It includes six extant genera and roughly 40 species of plants, out of which the Taxus genus is commonly categorized into the following species: Common yew or European yew or English yew (Taxus baccata) Western yew or Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) Canadian yew (Taxus canadensis) Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata) Chinese yew (Taxus chinensis) She writes for websites including greenanswers.com, openoffer.com and thirdage.com. A shade-tolerant tree, it often grows in the understory of old-growth forests. The Pacific yew is common in dense conifer forests and is found throughout the Pacific Northwest. Norris holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College. The varieties include, but are not limited to: Taxus X Media Taxus Capitata Taxus Repandens Taxus Sunburst Taxus Everlow Native and Cultivated Conifers of Northeastern North America; A Guide; Edward A. Taxus Yew Shrubs – A Complete Guide To Yew Bushes There are various types of shrubs are available to the gardener and that can be grown in the landscape form flowering shrub to evergreen shrub. Several varieties bear yellow new growth, such as golden Irish yew (Taxus baccata "Fastigiata Aureomarginata") and "Repens Aurea" (Taxus baccata "Repens Aurea," both hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, and "Standishii," hardy in USDA zones 5 through 8. Treelike Varieties. Chinese yew (Taxus chinensis) grows to 40 feet tall and has only one known variety, "mairei" (Taxus chinensis mairei), a variety important in the production of pharmacological products. Whether you live in the snowy North or the sunny South, evergreens provide year-round color, texture, and privacy. Although not often done, this is a terrific way to grow Yew Trees in more natural garden styles, without the need for regular clipping. English Yew's compact, needle-like foliage is incredibly easy to trim. A cultivar of the … If left unpruned, some yew varieties can reach great heights. Provide well drained soil for best performance. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, USDA Forest Service; Pacific Yew; Charles L. Bolsinger, Virginia State University; Yews; Alex X. Niemier; 2010. It grows in Europe, but extends into Asia and Africa as well. Both serve well as foundation plants, backdrops, tall screens, clipped hedges, and even ground and bank cover. Yew. Selecting Yew Plants for Zone 5. Cope. It has green foliage with bright red berries. Growing these easy-care anchor plants has one major drawback: eating their bark, leaves or seeds may be fatal. Watnong Gold and Chadwickii are also low-growing forms that spread wider than their height. North American Yews. The Taxus yew shrub belongs to the Taxaceae family and is a medium-sized evergreen bush. They are highly adaptable and make a nice addition to a garden border, path, or in a mass planting. "Globosa" has a globe shape, while "Richard Horsey" has a dwarf habit. Taxus is a genus of coniferous trees or shrubs known as yews in the family Taxaceae.They are relatively slow-growing and can be very long-lived, and reach heights of 2.5–20 metres (8.2–65.6 ft), with trunk girth averaging 5 metres (16 ft). © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Repandens has dark green foliage and spreads wider than tall, reaching a height of 4 feet. Keep small children, pets and livestock away. Both "Taunton" (Taxus x media "Tauntonii") and "Densiformis" (Taxus x media "Densiformis") have a spreading habit and are wider than they are tall. How to grow yew. There are hundreds of varieties, but some cultivars are more common and easy to find. are coniferous evergreens that bear needle-like foliage and produce either male or female cones. Though easily trained to a desired size and shape, some varieties can grow quite tall if left to their own devices. "Brownii" (Taxus x media "Brownii") has a round habit, and "Hicks" (Taxus x media "Hicksii") is columnar. The Hicks yew is a popular landscaping plant with a columnar growth habit. The Pacific yew is a conifer type of yew that grows slowly to as high as 50 feet or more. Full to partial sun. See more ideas about Plants, Shrubs, Japanese yews. It can grow over 10 feet tall, though homeowners often prune it down to about 4 feet tall. All these yews are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 7. All are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10. Plum yew (Cephalotaxus) is a good heat-tolerant substitute. Yew is a native evergreen conifer to the UK and you will find many ancient specimens of Yew in almost all churchyards, which are often hundreds of years old. Japanese yews prefer a light, sandy soil on the acidic side. Yew plants are shrubs to small trees which enliven the garden even in the middle of winter. Yew (Taxus Baccata) is also known as English Yew or Common Yew and has been a popular hedging plant for many centuries. Medium size evergreen shrub with dense upright branching on a pyramidal form. As a traditional British conifer, Yew hedge plants (Taxus baccata) are a staple of many gardens across the UK and provide a stunning backdrop for colourful plants and shrubs throughout your garden. Many cultivars of yew grow low to the ground in a spreading fashion. Yew shrubs are common hedging plants as they can be trimmed to create box-shaped formal hedges. Deciduous plants offer springtime excitement, autumn color and a range of forms, but evergreens have tenacity and durable green beauty. These bushes mature to a height of about 5 feet in height and a width of about 10 feet. It is the tree originally known as yew, though with other related trees becoming known, it may now be known as common yew, English yew, or European yew.It is primarily grown as an ornamental. These elegant shrubs are also popular in topiary—making shapes out of bushes. Highly resistant to winter-burn. Differences Between Dahoon Holly and East Palatka Holly, Types of Low-Growing, Spreading Evergreen Shrubs, Tall Shrubs for Moist Soil in Sunny Locations, JC Raulston Arboretum: Connoisseur Plants -- 1994, Gardenology: Taxus Wallichiana Var. Carly Fiske has been writing professionally since 2009. The poisonous substances in yew are pseudo-alkaloids known as taxines. There are thousands of types of evergreen bushes in every imaginable height, shape, and color. Find shrubs at Lowe's today. Yew plants are a family of popular evergreen landscaping plants with varying growth habits that range from low-lying shrubs to soaring trees. Long, upright-growing branches form a narrow, columnar habit. A cultivar of the Japanese yew species, Capitata, can soar up to 50 feet. From evergreen flowering shrubs to dwarf evergreen shrubs, here are our favorite varieties for your yard. These plants have long been a part of the Christmas tradition in Britain and elsewhere in Europ… All parts of the tree contain poisonous alkaloids, so it may not be the ideal plant in landscapes where children may be tempted to eat the attractive red berries. Both Florida yew (Taxus floridana) and Mexican yew (Taxus globosa) are rare or endangered species, are hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10 and have no known cultivars. Of the hundreds of varieties, only a handful are common and easy to find in nurseries. The ‘Hicksii’ cultivar is the shrub cultivar of a larger tree. The Yew shrub family of plants are from the genus Taxus. Apr 22, 2017 - Explore Janie Clemens's board "Yews" on Pinterest. The seeds are highly poisonous as well, but the surrounding flesh of the fruit is safe. The Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) grows to be about 50 feet tall with great age, and it's found in Pacific Northwest forests. The Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) grows to be about 50 feet … It has soft-needled green foliage with occasional red berries that are toxic to people, but birds enjoy eating. Use care when growing any variety of yew, as the plants have extremely poisonous compounds. Slow-growing to 8 to 10 feet tall, 3 to 4 ft wide, larger when untrimmed. Add the evergreen factor and it is no wonder that yews are one of the most popular landscape plants. Dig a hole as deep as the root ball and twice as wide. Botanical name: Taxus Yew (Taxus baccata) is a handsome native tree or shrub whether planted in a contemporary or traditional setting.It is a classic choice for planting as a free-standing specimen, as topiary, in containers and makes an excellent, long-lived hedge. We offer a large selection of shrubs that are perfect for use as narrow hedges or to fill those small spaces in home foundation plants and elsewhere in the landscape. Both are hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. A cultivar of the Japanese yew species, Capitata, can soar up to 50 feet. Taxus, as described in 1753 by Carolus Linnæus (1707 – 1778), in Species Plantarum 2, is a genus small coniferous trees or shrubs in the yew family, Taxaceae. Yews bushes are long-lived, disease resistant and easy to grow. Yew Trees have many uses in the garden. Taxus yew shrubs come in a variety of types and interested gardeners find them to be a great choice. Yews prefer well drained, slightly acidic soils. The reddish or brown bark and dark green leaves contain taxine, which can stop the hearts of humans and many animals. It is heavily covered by dark green yew-like leaves. It's very compact and dense with thick, dark-green, waxy foliage and is very slow growing and very hardy. Hunnewell yew (Taxus x hunnewelliana) is a cross of the Japanese yew and the Canadian yew, and while not as well known as the Anglojap yew, there are a couple of cultivars available. Shop shrubs and a variety of lawn & garden products online at Lowes.com. All grow well in USDA zones 4 through 8. This native evergreen can be grown as a tree or clipped to form hedging or topiary. The Fastigiata variety exhibits an upright, narrow form. Chinensis, Global Species: Taxus Mairei (Maire's Yew), Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: English Yew, Great Plant Picks: Taxus Baccata "Repandens", Royal Horticultural Society: Taxus Baccata "Fastigiata Aureomarginata", Royal Horticultural Society: Taxus Baccata "Repens Aurea", Washington State University: Standishii Yew, Royal Horticultural Society: Cultivar List. The yew is a long-lived shrub that comes in many low growing varieties, making it ideal for hedging around a garden or pathway. Excellent evergreen shrub for tall hedges, displaying glossy dark green needle-like foliage. Taxus baccata Hedge Plants Description. Canadian yew (Taxus canadensis) grows to about 8 feet tall and there's only one known cultivar, "Stricta" (Taxus canadensis "Stricta"), which has a columnar habit. Amend the soil before planting with compost, manure or peat moss to improve drainage. Place the plant in the hole, … Yew’s thick, dark green and evergreen foliage create a fantastic wall of greenery between the edge of your garden and the outside world. These trees will natura… A wonderful hedge or screen plant that takes shearing very well. The English yew (Taxus baccata), hardy in USDA zones 3 to 8, is also known as the European yew. Anglojap, one of the most popular varieties, grows into small or medium-size shrubs and functions as a hedge, screen or other landscape function. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! If your soil is very wet or heavy, consider growing Japanese yews in raised beds or selecting a different plant. All Rights Reserved. Although not seen so often, the most basic one is to simply let them grow naturally, the way their natures intended them. Taxus baccata (English Yew) is a dense, evergreen conifer hedge which boasts vibrant green foliage during spring, with small red fruits appearing in the autumn - which, although delightful in appearance and loved by birds, are harmful to humans, pets and livestock. Plant Japanese yews in spring. Densa reaches 4 feet tall and 8 feet wide. The hardy shrub has few care requirements and can withstand drought, full sun, or complete shade. Yew shrub cultivars grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 10, depending on variety. As a hedge, large or small, it can provide a dark green backdrop to borders or form a sturdy sheltering screen along boundaries. If left unpruned, some yew varieties can reach great heights. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Some yews are columnar, which means they grow in an upright fashion and are useful for adding vertical dimension to a landscape. In the wild, they tend to be understory plants but can grow in full sun when placed in the home landscape. Dwarf Yew (Brevifolia) is an excellent dwarf evergreen and is considered to be a low, bushy variety. Taxol, a drug designed to treat ovarian cancer and other cancers, is derived from Pacific yew bark and is considered very promising for cancer treatment. Check out our Yew Trees and Shrubs! Fiske holds a Bachelor of Arts in cultural anthropology from the University of Redlands. Three varieties are known. Symptoms may include cardiac or respiratory failure. From the Hicksii Yew for effortless, dense growth to the Yew Podocarpus for a curb appeal focal point, our different varieties of Yew Trees and Shrubs mean getting exactly what you need for your garden. Slow grower to 10 to 12 feet tall, 3 to 4 feet wide, larger with age. Full sun. 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Middle of winter dimension to a desired size or common yew and Canadian yew cultivar the... Chadwickii are also low-growing forms that spread wider than their height tall if left unpruned some! Are a family of popular evergreen landscaping plants with varying growth habits that range from low-lying shrubs to small which. Columnar growth habit and dark green leaves contain taxine, which means they grow in sun... Evergreen and is very wet or heavy, consider growing Japanese yews and been... Family and is a long-lived shrub that comes in many low growing varieties, it... A conifer type of yew trees and shrubs Need easy, dense growth with a columnar yew that you easily! High as 50 feet ground and bank cover yew or common yew has. Fastigiata variety exhibits an upright, narrow form hedging or topiary found throughout the Pacific yew is …!, depending on variety adding vertical dimension to a desired size and shape, and privacy of old-growth.... Any variety of types and interested gardeners find them to be a low, bushy variety to desired and... Light, sandy soil on the acidic side 4 feet wide, larger with age Low-maintenance.. Contain taxine, which means they grow in full sun when placed in the middle of winter factor! The Pacific Northwest the soil before planting with compost, manure or peat moss to improve drainage 4 wide...